Blinken said the Biden administration was handcuffed by Trump’s agreement with the Taliban, which in part reduced the U.S. troop presence to 2,500 by the time Biden took office. With the Taliban continuing its “relentless” military campaign regardless of that agreement, Blinken said, Biden “immediately faced the choice between ending the war or escalating it.”
“Had [Biden] not followed through on his predecessor’s commitment, attacks on our forces and those of our allies would have resumed and the Taliban’s nationwide assault on Afghanistan’s major cities would have commenced,” Blinken said.
Several Democratic-led congressional committees are already investigating the withdrawal, a dynamic that threatens to complicate Biden’s effort to sell the pullout as necessary and the subsequent evacuation operation — which resulted in the airlift of more than 120,000 people — as a success.
While Republicans zeroed in on the recent events that led to the fall of Kabul, Democrats sought to broaden the scope of the hearing to include an examination of the mistakes made under presidents of both parties for nearly two decades.
“We are seeing domestic politics injected into foreign policy,” Foreign Affairs Chair Gregory Meeks (D-N.Y.) said of Republicans’ criticisms of the Biden administration’s Afghanistan withdrawal. Meeks added that the committee would hear from officials from the Bush, Obama and Trump administrations, too, as part of the panel’s review.
The State Department has already acknowledged that thousands of Afghan allies who applied for Special Immigrant Visas were left behind, in addition to several hundred Americans, when the final U.S. troops left Afghanistan on Aug. 31. (Some of those U.S. citizens have since been evacuated from the country.)
“Our standing on the world stage has been greatly diminished,” said Rep. Michael McCaul of Texas, the top Republican on the Foreign Affairs Committee. He accused Blinken of “betraying” those Afghan allies.
Lawmakers from both parties had criticized the Biden administration for not starting the evacuations of those vulnerable Afghans sooner, in particular the SIV applicants and their families. Many of them served as translators and interpreters for the U.S. military throughout the war.
That delay forced a scramble inside the U.S. government, with Biden sending more than 5,000 troops to secure the main airport in Kabul, where the U.S.-led evacuation mission was headquartered.
Blinken again shifted the blame to the Trump administration, arguing that Biden “inherited” a broken SIV program that included a backlog of 17,000 visas.
“There had not been a single interview of an SIV applicant in Kabul in nine months, going back to March of 2020,” Blinken said. “The program was basically in a dead stall.”
In response to criticism from Republicans about U.S. citizens being left behind in Afghanistan, Blinken said U.S. diplomatic staff began urging Americans to leave the country as early as March. Still, Biden acknowledged last month that “this did unfold more quickly than we had anticipated,” but argued that the rapid collapse of the Afghan government showed that it was the “right decision” to leave Afghanistan.
“There’s no evidence that staying longer would have made the Afghan security forces or the Afghan government any more resilient or self-sustaining,” Blinken said. “If 20 years and hundreds of billions of dollars in support, equipment and training did not suffice, why would another year, or five, or 10, make a difference?”
Blinken later addressed the U.S. counterterrorism strategy for Afghanistan, a major blind spot for lawmakers as officials warn of the possibility that the country again becomes a safe haven for terrorist groups like al Qaeda. Blinken said the U.S. maintains so-called over-the-horizon counterterrorism capabilities, but he acknowledged that those are limiting without boots or bases on the ground.
“We will remain hyper-vigilant about any reemergence” of a threat from al Qaeda and other terror groups, Blinken added.